De Oro is largely forgotten these days, probably because his spectacular career occurred before living memory and because his exploits were overshadowed by the very colorful Ralph Greenleaf,


If you’ve been following along lately, you know we’ve had on-gain off-again discussions here about the greatest pool players in American history. Some years back we even conducted a poll on the issue.  Willie Mosconi and Ralph Greenleaf received the most votes, which prompted a run-off. But throughout this discussion there’s been one important player who almost entirely escaped notice. That player is Alfredo de Oro, pictured above.

De Oro is largely forgotten these days, probably because his spectacular career occurred before living memory and because his exploits were overshadowed by the very colorful Ralph Greenleaf, who followed close on his heels. But de Oro was among the first inductees into the Billiard Congress Hall of Fame. He also mounted a championship career that would rival that of Greenleaf or any of the other lions.

De Oro played both three-cushion and pocket billiards — and excelled at both. According to his short bio in the BCA’s Official Rules and Record Book, de Oro first gained the pocket billiards crown in 1887 and then went on to win it 31 more times. I’ll say it again: He won it 31 more times. By contrast, both Greenleaf and Mosconi won the pocket billiard title fewer than 30 times apiece. Not only that, but de Oro also held the three-cushion title ten times between 1908 and 1919. Harold Worst also excelled at both sports, but not with de Oro’s dominance.

De Oro was born in Manzanilla, Cuba on April 28, 1863. That’s a copy of his passport, on the right. (It’s incredible what you can find online.) De Oro’s first public appearance as a professional was in the fourth US National Fifteen-ball Championship, held in New York, February, 1887. By my calculation, he would have been 23 years old. He died in 1948, two years before Ralph Greenleaf’s death.

You can read more about Alfredo De Oro, here.

— R.A. Dyer

Ralph Greenleaf Mug

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Support pool history with this cool Ralph Greenleaf coffee mug. It's sturdy and glossy with a vivid print of the Jazz Age King of pocket billiards. And remember: we spend 100 percent of proceeds from the sale of coffee cups and other merch to pay our history guest writers.

• Ceramic

• Dishwasher and microwave safe

• White and glossy

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